If Trump Targets Dodd-Frank, What Are the Commercial Real Estate Impacts?
While we find ourselves in the early, frenetic days of the Trump administration, it’s far from clear exactly what to expect from a White House that has single-mindedly pursued its own private list of policies without much concern for fallout or for some campaign promises. In what appears to be a intentional pattern of confusion, some of the President’s campaign promises have been confusingly dropped by the Oval Office, only to picked back up within hours. The very latest example of this pattern over the past 24 hours being his pledge to negotiate with the pharma industry to achieve lower drug prices. This was a promise apparently dropped only to be picked back up hours later the same day.
So when the President announced yesterday that he intended to “do a big number” on the Wall Street reform package called Dodd-Frank, we got a warning something might (or might not) happen to key regulations on risk retention that deeply affect the commercial real estate industry.
Regulation, Risk and Reminders
President Trump severely criticized the Dodd-Frank law yesterday, calling it a “disaster” and promising to “do a big number” on the law soon. If the President does actually follow through with gutting Dodd-Frank, what could change for commercial real estate? Whatever changes that stick will affect at least one of these areas:
- The Credit Risk Retention Rule – Forces issuers of bonds comprised of performing commercial real estate properties to hold a percentage of the offering. Affects CMBS marketplace significantly, as written about here.
- Credit Rating Agency Reform – Rules that prevent the complicity of risk ratings agencies (Moody’s, Fitch, S&P) in mislabeling bond offerings to obscure systemic risk. Affects CMBS and REIT share markets as well as the wider debt market transparency.
- Legislative proposals to wind down the Government Sponsored Entities such as Freddie Mac that originate a great deal of capital for apartment building projects
- The Volker Rule – Prevents banks from engaging in trading in certain kinds of investments. Affects: proprietary trading, disallows banks from owning or investing in hedge funds or private equity funds. If struck down, may increase availability of capital from banks to exotic or alternative financing vehicles serving the CRE industry.
Guessing at impact is tough, because Dodd-Frank rules are a moving target — rules are still being designed and implemented with a time schedule that reaches into 2019 and beyond. While the President signed an executive order this week compelling the elimination of two regulations for every one invoked, a move that tends to support speculation that the President sees regulations as intrinsically bad things, nobody should claim to know exactly what’s on the Donald’s mind before a) he announces it himself and b) we wait a little bit for the dust to settle.